Governor Ron DeSantis signs 9 new bills. Here's what they do

TALLAHASSEE, Florida. – Florida Governor Ron DeSantis signed nine more bills on Wednesday.

The laws cover issues such as dental services, infant delivery, flood reporting and professional licensing.

HB775 Surrendered infants

House Bill 775 increases the age at which an infant can be surrendered.

Florida's Safe Haven Law allows parents who are unwilling or unable to care for their newborns (up to seven days old) to leave them at hospitals, fire stations and emergency medical services.

However, HB 775 would raise the age limit from 7 to 30 days.

In addition, the bill would allow parents to hand over their child to hospital medical staff after birth. To do so, parents would have to inform staff that they are voluntarily surrendering their child.

HB 775 would also allow parents to call 911 and request a meeting with an emergency medical technician so they can hand over the child.

The law comes into force on July 1.

HB855 – Dental services

House Bill 855 aims to overhaul dental standards in Florida.

Specifically, the bill stipulates that dentists must provide their patients with the following information:

  • Name of dentist

  • Contact Phone Number

  • Contact information for emergencies outside of business hours

  • License information

In addition, the bill would require dentists to examine a patient in person (or review records of an in-person examination from the previous 12 months) before making an initial diagnosis and correcting misaligned teeth or placing an orthodontic appliance. This requirement only applies to dentists who provide their services via telemedicine.

The law comes into force on July 1.

HB1049 – Flood disclosure when selling real estate

House Bill 1049 would require sellers of residential properties to provide buyers with a flood report.

This disclosure would need to be made before the purchase agreement is concluded and would include the following details:

  • The title of the form must be “Flood Disclosure.”

  • A flood insurance disclaimer must be provided stating: “Flood Insurance: Property insurance does not cover damage caused by flooding. Buyer is advised to discuss the need to purchase separate flood insurance with his or her insurance agent.”

  • The seller must state whether he has filed a claim with an insurer for flood damage to the property.

  • The seller must disclose whether he has received government assistance for flood damage to the property.

The law comes into force on October 1st.

HB1093 – Uniform Florida Trust Income and Capital Gains Law

House Bill 1093 seeks to codify the Florida Uniform Fiduciary Income and Principal Act (FUFIPA) into law.

The bill would replace the Florida Uniform Principal and Income Act (FUPIA), which governs the allocation of trust and estate income and the distribution between principal and interest when a Florida trust does not provide its own terms for such allocation.

Legislative analysts said the changes would modernize government trust law and allow total-return investing under modern portfolio theory.

In addition, FUFIPA would allow the conversion of an existing trust into a unitrust, providing flexibility for more customized estate planning.

The bill would come into force on January 1, 2025.

HB1161 – Verification of eligibility for property tax exemption

House Bill 1161 would require the Florida Department of Revenue to provide county property appraisers with a form they can use to verify the eligibility of a veteran or his or her surviving spouse who believes he or she may qualify for an exemption under state law when purchasing a residential property.

This form may only be issued if the person concerned presents the documents required for the exemption.

The law comes into force on July 1.

SB808 – Treatment by a specialist

Senate Bill 808 aims to change state laws regarding first responders.

The bill would allow firefighters, police officers, correctional officers and parole officers to receive medical treatment from a specialist of their choice for a presumed compensable illness.

Under this law, treatment by a specialist would be reimbursed up to a maximum of 200% of the Medicare rate for a selected specialist.

The law comes into force on October 1st.

SB812 – Accelerated approval of building permits for residential buildings

Senate Bill 812 would require certain local governments to create a process by October 1 to expedite building permits based on a preliminary site plan under certain circumstances.

In addition, local governments would be required to update their expedited building permit program with certain increased percentages by December 31, 2027.

The draft law will enter into force upon its entry into force.

SB1142 – Professional licensing

Senate Bill 1142 seeks to amend state laws regarding the registration of specialty contractors.

The bill would allow contractors in good standing who were registered with a local jurisdiction in 2021, 2022, or 2023 to qualify for registration if the jurisdiction has decided to stop issuing additional local licenses or to exercise disciplinary oversight over such licensees.

The law would come into force on July 1.

SB938 – Dentistry

Senate Bill 938 seeks to remove the state Board of Dentistry (BOD) and the Department of Health from conducting dental examinations.

Specifically, the draft law provides for the following changes to the licensing requirements for dentists:

  • Remove the language requiring dental students who have completed the required ADEX preparation courses to wait until their final year of dental school to apply for admission.

  • Elimination of the National Board of Dental Examiners dental examination as obsolete and replacement with the examination of the Joint Commission on National Dental Examinations

  • Elimination of an alternative path to dental licensure through a valid dental license from the Florida Department of Health and meeting certain practice requirements

  • Requiring a dentist licensed in another state seeking licensure in Florida to inform the BOD during the application process whether he or she has been reported to the NPDB or the AADBC.
  • Allows anyone who fails the licensing exam to practice dentistry or dental hygienist to retake the exam.

The law comes into force on July 1.

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